Key to Reading Unit 13

Main Index

Unit Key 12

Unit Key 14

Unit 13

1. It is difficult to bear poverty and old age.

2. It is necessary for children to obey their father's word(s).

3. Who will rule over the ruler?

4. Different people take pleasure in different habits (lit. another man rather takes pleasure in other habits.)

5. Alas, alas, how old age has many sicknesses!

6. The ruler must please most people.

7. Whoever of mortals trusts a slave incurs a charge of stupidity in our society (lit. amongst us).

8. Modesty can be seen in the eyes, [my] child.

9. Old age renounces the Cyprian (i.e. sex), and Aphrodite is vexed with old men.

10. A life which lacks life is no life,

11. It is not easy to find a good wife.

12. It is a terrible thing to fight with god and fortune.

13. Wealth breeds insolence, not thrift in (lit. of) life.

14. In the following summer the Peloponnesians and their allies, under the leadership of Agis (lit. Agis leading) the son of Archidamus the Spartan king, advanced (lit. went) as far as the Isthmus, with the intention of invading Attica; but, as numerous earthquakes occurred, they turned back, and there was no invasion. Around these times, when the earthquakes were prevalent, at Orobiae in (lit. of) Euboea the sea receded from the then existing coastline (lit. land), and, after forming into a wave, invaded a part of the city, and partly inundated [it]and partly subsided, so that (lit. and) what was formerly land is now sea. All those who were unable to run up to the high ground were killed. At Atalante there was a similar inundation, and it swept away [part] of the Athenian fort and destroyed one ship. At Peparethus too there was a return of a wave, but it did not cause a flood; an earthquake knocked down part of the wall, the town-hall and a few houses as well. (Adapted from Thucydides 3.89).

__________ ____________ _____________ ____________________ _____________ ____________ _____________ _______________ ___________ __________ __________ __________ _____________ ________ __ _
(c) Gavin Betts, Alan Henry 2001